AskDefine | Define pig

Dictionary Definition

pig

Noun

1 domestic swine [syn: hog, grunter, squealer, Sus scrofa]
2 a coarse obnoxious person [syn: slob, sloven, slovenly person]
3 a person regarded as greedy and pig-like [syn: hog]
4 uncomplimentary terms for a policeman [syn: bull, cop, copper, fuzz]
5 mold consisting of a bed of sand in which pig iron is cast [syn: pig bed]
6 a crude block of metal (lead or iron) poured from a smelting furnace

Verb

1 live like a pig, in squalor [syn: pig it]
2 eat greedily; "he devoured three sandwiches" [syn: devour, guttle, raven]
3 give birth; "sows farrow" [syn: farrow] [also: pigging, pigged]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. Any of several mammals of the genus Sus, having cloven hooves, bristles and a nose adapted for digging; especially the domesticated farm animal Sus scrofa.
    • The farmer kept a pen with two pigs that he fed from table scraps and field waste.
  2. (specifically) A young swine, a piglet.
  3. The edible meat of such an animal; pork.
    • Some religions prohibit their adherents from eating pig.
  4. A greedy person; someone who overeats or eats rapidly and noisily.
    • You gluttonous pig! Now that you've eaten all the cupcakes, there will be none for the party!
  5. A nasty or disgusting person.
    • She considered him a pig as he invariably stared at her bosom when they talked.
  6. A dirty or slovenly person.
    • He was a pig and his apartment a pigpen; take-away containers and pizza boxes in a long, moldy stream lined his counter tops.
  7. In the context of "UK|US|derogatory slang": A police officer.
    • The protester shouted, “Don't give in to the pigs!” as he was arrested.
  8. A difficult problem.
    • Hrm...this one's a real pig: I've been banging my head against the wall over it for hours!
  9. In the context of "countable|and|uncountable": A block of cast metal.
    • The conveyor carried the pigs from the smelter to the freight cars.''
    • After the ill-advised trade, the investor was stuck with worthless options for 10,000 tons of iron pig.
  10. The mold in which a block of metal is cast.
    • The pig was cracked, and molten metal was oozing from the side.
  11. A device for cleaning or inspecting the inside of an oil or gas pipeline, or for separating different substances within the pipeline. Named for the pig-like squealing noise made by their progress.
    • Unfortunately, the pig sent to clear the obstruction got lodged in a tight bend, adding to the problem.

Translations

mammal of genus Sus
greedy person
nasty or disgusting person
dirty or slovenly person
derogatory slang for police officer
difficult problem
cast metal block
mold for a cast metal block
device to clean or inspect a pipe from inside

Derived terms

Verb

  1. In the context of "of swine": to give birth.
    • The black sow pigged at seven this morning.
  2. To eat greedily (also pig out), or in a noisy or dirty fashion.
    • They were pigging on the free food at the bar.

Danish

Noun

pig g Danish

Torres Strait Creole

Etymology

From English pig.

Noun

pig

Synonyms

Extensive Definition

Pigs, also called hogs or swine, are ungulates which have been domesticated as sources of food, leather, and similar products since ancient times. More recently, they have been involved in biomedical research and treatments, especially for their eyes and hearts, which closely resemble those of humans. Their long association with humans has led to their considerable representation in cultural milieux from paintings to proverbs.
Native to Eurasia, they are collectively grouped under the genus Sus within the Suidae family. Despite pigs' reputation for gluttony, and another reputation for dirtiness, a lesser known quality is their intelligence. The nearest living relatives of the swine family are the peccaries.

Description and behavior

A pig has a snout for a nose, small eyes, and a small tail, which may be curly, kinked, or straight. It has a thick body, short legs, and coarse hair. There are four toes on each foot, with the two large middle toes used for walking.
Pigs are omnivores, which means that they consume both plants and animals. Pigs will scavenge and have been known to eat any kind of food, including dead insects, worms, tree bark, rotting carcasses, garbage, and even other pigs. In the wild, they are foraging animals, primarily eating leaves and grasses, roots, fruits and flowers. Occasionally, in captivity, pigs may eat their own young, often if they become severely stressed. A typical pig has a large head with a long snout which is strengthened by a special bone called the prenasal bone and by a disk of cartilage in the tip. The snout is used to dig into the soil to find food and is a very sensitive sense organ. Pigs have a full set of 44 teeth. The canine teeth, called tusks, grow continually and are sharpened by the lowers and uppers rubbing against each other.
Pigs that are allowed to forage may be watched by swineherds. Because of their foraging abilities and excellent sense of smell, they are used to find truffles in many European countries. Domesticated pigs are commonly raised as livestock by farmers for meat (called pork), as well as for leather. Their bristly hairs are also used for brushes. Some breeds of pigs, such as the Asian pot-bellied pig, are kept as pets.
Breeding occurs throughout the year in the tropics, but births peak around rainy seasons. A female pig can become pregnant at around 8-18 months of age. She will then go into estrus every 21 days if not bred. Male pigs become sexually active at 8-10 months of age. A litter of piglets typically contains between 6 and 12 piglets. After the young are weaned, two or more families may come together until the next mating season.
Pigs do not have functional sweat glands, so pigs cool themselves using water or mud during hot weather. They also use mud as a form of sunscreen to protect their skin from sunburn. Mud also provides protection against flies and parasites.

Species

Domestic Pigs

Pigs have been domesticated since ancient times in the Old World and are known for their exceptional intelligence. Domestic Pigs are found across Europe, the Middle East and extend into Asia as far as Indonesia and Japan. They were brought to southeastern North America from Europe by De Soto and other early Spanish explorers. Pigs are particularly valued in China and on certain oceanic islands, where their self-sufficiency allows them to be turned loose, although the practice is not without its drawbacks (see below).
The Domestic Pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) is usually given the scientific name Sus scrofa, although some authors call it S. domesticus, reserving S. scrofa for the Wild boar. It was domesticated approximately 5,000 to 7,000 years ago. Their coats are coarse and bristly. They are born brownish colored and tend to turn more grayish colored with age. The upper canines form sharp distinctive tusks that curve outward and upward. Compared to other artiodactyles, their head is relatively long, pointed, and free of warts. Their head and body length ranges from 900-1,800 mm and can weigh 50-350 kg.
Pigs can be trained to perform numerous simple tasks and tricks. Recently, they have enjoyed a measure of popularity as house pets, particularly the dwarf breeds.

Cultural references to pigs

Pigs are frequently referenced in culture and are a popular topic for idioms and famous quotes.

Pigs in religion

  • In ancient Egypt pigs were associated with Set, the rival to the sun god Horus. When Set fell into disfavor with the Egyptians, swineherds were forbidden to enter temples.
  • In Hinduism the god Vishnu took the form of a boar in order to save the earth from a demon who had dragged it to the bottom of the sea.
  • In ancient Greece, a sow was an appropriate sacrifice to Demeter and had been her favorite animal since she had been the Great Goddess of archaic times. Initiates at the Eleusinian Mysteries began by sacrificing a pig.
  • The pig is one of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. Believers in Chinese astrology associate each animal with certain personality traits. See: Pig (Zodiac).
  • The dietary laws of Judaism (Kashrut, adj. Kosher) forbid the eating of flesh of swine or pork in any form, considering the pig to be an unclean animal (see taboo food and drink). Seventh-day Adventists and some other fundamental Christian denominations also consider pork unclean as food.
  • Islam also forbids the eating of flesh of swine or pork in any form, because of its uncleanliness and its immodest nature (see Halal).
  • In Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy and other older Christian groups, pigs are associated with Saint Anthony, the patron saint of swineherds.
  • [KJV - Lev. 11:7], states "And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be cloven footed, yet he cheweth not the cud; he is unclean to you."[2]

Environmental impacts

Domestic pigs that have escaped from farms or were allowed to forage in the wild, and in some cases wild boars which were introduced as prey for hunting, have given rise to large populations of feral pigs in North and South America, Australia, New Zealand, Hawaii and other areas where pigs are not native. Accidental or deliberate releases of pigs into countries or environments where they are an alien species have caused extensive environmental change. Their omnivorous diet, aggressive behaviour and their feeding method of rooting in the ground all combine to severely alter ecosystems unused to pigs. Pigs will even eat small animals and destroy nests of ground nesting birds. The Invasive Species Specialist Group lists feral pigs on the list of the world's 100 worst invasive species and says about them:

Health issues

Pigs harbour a range of parasites and diseases that can be transmitted to humans. These include trichinosis, Taenia solium, cysticercosis, and brucellosis. Pigs are also known to host large concentrations of parasitic ascarid worms in their digestive tract.[1]The presence of these diseases and parasites is one of the reasons why pork meat should always be well cooked or cured before eating. Some religious groups that consider pork unclean refer to these issues as support for their views.[2]
Pigs are susceptible to bronchitis and pneumonia. They have small lungs in relation to body size; for this reason, bronchitis or pneumonia can kill a pig quickly.
Pigs can be aggressive and pig-induced injuries are relatively common in areas where pigs are reared or where they form part of the wild or feral fauna.[3]
pig in Afrikaans: Vark
pig in Arabic: خنزير
pig in Aragonese: Sus
pig in Min Nan: Ti-sio̍k
pig in Czech: Prase
pig in German: Sus (Schweine)
pig in Spanish: Sus
pig in French: Sus (genre)
pig in Korean: 멧돼지속
pig in Indonesian: Babi
pig in Zulu: Ingulube
pig in Italian: Sus (zoologia)
pig in Hebrew: חזיר
pig in Latin: Sus
pig in Malay (macrolanguage): Babi
pig in Dutch: Echte zwijnen
pig in Norwegian: Svin og griser
pig in Polish: Sus (zwierzęta)
pig in Portuguese: Sus
pig in Russian: Кабаны
pig in Sicilian: Sus
pig in Slovak: Sus (rod)
pig in Serbian: Свиња
pig in Swedish: Svin (släkte)
pig in Tagalog: Baboy
pig in Tamil: பன்றி
pig in Vietnamese: Chi Lợn
pig in Turkish: Yaban domuzu
pig in Contenese: 豬
pig in Chinese: 豬

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Angora goat, Arctic fox, Belgian hare, Caffre cat, Dogberry, Indian buffalo, John Law, Kodiak bear, Virginia deer, aardvark, aardwolf, alpaca, animal, anteater, antelope, antelope chipmunk, aoudad, apar, armadillo, ass, aurochs, bacon, badger, bandicoot, barrow, bassarisk, bat, bear, beast, beaver, belly-god, bettong, bicycle, bigot, bike, binturong, bison, black bear, black buck, black cat, black fox, black sheep, blue fox, bluecoat, boar, bobby, bobcat, brown bear, brush deer, brush wolf, buffalo, buffalo wolf, bull, bullion, burro, burro deer, butt, button, cachalot, camel, camelopard, capybara, carabao, caribou, carpincho, cast, casting, cat, cat-a-mountain, catamount, cattalo, cavy, chamois, chauvinist, cheetah, chevrotain, chinchilla, chipmunk, chitterlings, chopper, cinnamon bear, cochon de lait, coon, coon cat, cop, copper, cormorant, cotton mouse, cotton rat, cougar, cow, coyote, coypu, cracklings, cur, cycle, cyprian, deer, deer tiger, dick, dingo, doctrinaire, dog, dogmatist, donkey, dormouse, drab, dromedary, echidna, eland, elephant, elk, ermine, eyra, fallow deer, fanatic, fat back, ferret, field mouse, fisher, fitch, flatfoot, flattie, flitch, flying phalanger, foumart, fox, fox squirrel, frump, fuzz, gammon, gate, gazelle, gemsbok, gendarme, genet, gilt, giraffe, glutton, gnu, gnu goat, goat, goat antelope, gopher, gorger, gormand, gormandizer, gourmand, gourmandizer, greedy eater, greedygut, greedyguts, grizzly bear, ground squirrel, groundhog, guanaco, guinea pig, gumshoe, guttler, ham, ham steak, hamster, hare, harnessed antelope, hartebeest, haslet, headcheese, heat, hedgehog, hippopotamus, hog, horse, hound, husky eater, hussy, hyena, hyrax, ibex, illiberal, ingot, insect, intolerant, iron, jackal, jackass, jackrabbit, jade, jaguar, jaguarundi, jambon, jambonneau, jerboa, jerboa kangaroo, jezebel, jingo, kaama, kangaroo, kangaroo mouse, kangaroo rat, karakul, kinkajou, kit fox, koala, lapin, lard, lemming, leopard, leopard cat, lion, litterbug, llama, lynx, male chauvinist, mammoth, man, mara, marmot, marten, mastodon, meerkat, minibike, mink, mole, mongoose, mongrel, moose, motocycle, motorbike, motorcycle, mouflon, mountain goat, mountain lion, mountain sheep, mouse, mule, mule deer, muntjac, musk deer, musk hog, musk-ox, muskrat, musquash, nab, nilgai, nutria, ocelot, okapi, onager, oont, opossum, otter, ounce, ox, pack rat, paddy, painter, panda, pangolin, panther, peccary, pedicab, peeler, peludo, phalanger, picnic ham, pieds de cochon, piggy, piglet, pigling, pine mouse, platypus, pocket gopher, pocket mouse, pocket rat, polar bear, polar fox, polecat, porcupine, pork, porker, porkpie, possum, pouched rat, poyou, prairie dog, prairie wolf, pronghorn, puma, rabbit, raccoon, racist, rat, razorback, red deer, red squirrel, regulus, reindeer, reptile, rhinoceros, road-bike, roe, roe deer, roebuck, sable, salt pork, schlep, schlump, serpent, serval, sexist, shamus, sheep, sheet metal, shoat, shrew, shrew mole, side of bacon, sika, silver fox, skunk, slattern, slob, sloppy Joe, sloth, sloven, slut, small ham, snake, snowshoe rabbit, sow, sowbelly, springbok, squirrel, stoat, strumpet, suckling pig, superpatriot, suslik, swamp rabbit, swine, takin, tamandua, tamarin, tapir, tarpan, tatou, tatou peba, tatouay, the cops, the fuzz, the law, tiger, tiger cat, timber wolf, trail bike, tramp, tree shrew, trencherman, trencherwoman, tricycle, trike, trollop, trotters, trull, tusker, ultranationalist, urus, varmint, vermin, viper, vole, wallaby, warthog, water buffalo, waterbuck, weasel, wharf rat, wheel, whelp, whistler, white fox, wild ass, wild boar, wild goat, wild ox, wildcat, wildebeest, wolf, wolverine, wombat, wood rat, woodchuck, woolly mammoth, worm, yak, zebra, zebu, zoril
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